Lawrence Wilson, MD
November 2014, The Center For Development
Calcium is the most
plentiful element in the body, with most in the bones, teeth and nerves.
Sadly, most people do not ingest nearly enough bioavailable calcium
because when dairy products are pasteurized and homogenized, the calcium they
contain is made less available to the body. Also, few other foods contain much calcium today.
Calcium is the primary
structural mineral in the body, meaning it allows us to stand upright by giving
strength to our bones. However, it has many other functions as well.
FUNCTIONS OF CALCIUM IN THE BODY
Think of calcium as the structural
mineral of the body. It has
great compressive strength. This is
why concrete and cement are mainly made of it. Calcium is the main mineral in our bones and all hard
structures of the body. Calcium is
thus a major life element. When a
person has enough of it, he or she is solid, grounded and usually has good,
strong bones that will not break easily.
Calcium also helps
regulate cell permeability. It is
also very alkaline-forming and critical for the maintenance of acid-base balance
of the blood and the body tissues. Calcium
is involved in the secretion of male and female hormones, cell division and the
water balance of the body. It
also stabilizes cell membranes, helps muscles relax, and slows nerve
transmission and the heart rate. Calcium
also helps prevent fluid loss from cells and from the blood.
thyroid-releasing hormone and increases insulin secretion.
It inhibits the sympathetic nervous system.
It is required for phosphorus metabolism and energy production in the
Calcium is also important
as a detoxifier, preventing the uptake of lead and cadmium.
Blood clotting and fat digestion depend on calcium.
Thus stability, hardness
and physicality are qualities of calcium. When
deficient, one becomes weak and fragile. When
calcium is in excess one becomes rigid and immobile. Its opposite elements are phosphorus and sodium, elements
that activate and dissolve things. Calcium
personality types are earthy, plodding, steady and blunt.
They often move slowly and awkwardly and are unpolished in their language
and mannerisms. They develop slowly and have a great potential for love and
OF CALCIUM IMBALANCE
These may include osteoporosis, rickets, non-union of fractures, tooth decay and
insomnia. Teeth, fingers and other
bones may be misshapen. Posture can
be poor and legs bowed. Other
symptoms are muscle cramps, irritability, hyperkinesis, hyperacidity, bruising,
high blood pressure, fight-or-flight reactions, fast oxidation, lead and cadmium
toxicity, tetany and cancer.
Calcium toxicity symptoms may include fatigue, depression, defensiveness,
muscle weakness, pain, arteriosclerosis, arthritis, kidney stones and
gallstones. Others are bone spurs,
rigidity, slow metabolism, constipation, social withdrawal and spondylitis
(rigidity and inflammation of the spine).
Calcium. In many instances,
calcium is biounavailable.
This means it is present, but cannot be used properly.
This condition causes symptoms of deficiency and excess at the same time.
IN THE LIFE CYCLE
and breast milk.
Babies’ bones are flexible, as is their personality.
Children’s growing bodies need loads of calcium for their bones and
even more so for their nervous systems. This
is why substituting soda pop, teas, water or even other milks such as soy milk
for the more nutritious breast milk is a terrible crime against the growing
Mother’s milk is a rich
source of calcium and vitamin D that help create a calcified skeleton.
It is, without question, the perfect food for babies, which is why it
should be given for at least three years. Yes,
three, not one or six months. Keep
breastfeeding until the child will not accept any more, or about age three.
This will give a child the best start in life.
This is so critical that it deserves a separate article all about the
many reasons for the benefits of mother’s milk.
It is unfortunate when,
for various reasons, a child cannot receive breast milk.
It would be wonderful if mother’s could help each other, as the milk
does not have to come from the biological mother.
Any wet nurse would do, and this used to be the habit and still is, among
primitive tribes who understand more about the body than most modern women do.
milk and milk substitutes. Pasteurized and
homogenized milk is not as good a source of calcium. In earlier times, well-informed doctors recommended only raw,
certified milk for children. This
is milk from cows that have been rigorously inspected for disease by government
authorities and must meet very high standards of cleanliness. It is an excellent
product, although today all cows are hybrids and this is another issue that is
discussed in separate articles. This excellent food is outlawed in most states,
often not only for false health reasons, as is claimed, but for political
reasons as well. There are forces that do not want people to take control of
their lives and their nutrition, though it is sad to say.
This harmful method of sterilization unfortunately allows milk from sick
cows to be sold on the open market. It
also permits lax standards of cleanliness on a few huge dairy farms that supply
large areas of America. In
addition, cooking the milk renders its calcium less biologically available to
the body. It also damages the protein in the milk to a degree that is
surprising, making it much harder to digest.
and pasteurization. Copper rollers are,
or were often used in the pasteurization process. This can add excess copper to the milk products, which
includes cheese, yogurt, butter, whey and other dairy products.
Goat milk is less damaged by pasteurization, for which reason it is
preferable, though goats are also hybridized to a large degree, today, which
renders the milk less ideal than previously.
We hope that strains or cows that are more natural and healthful will be
maintained around the world. There
are few at this time in the United States, even among the organic and local
dairies. They just do not give
enough milk and have become obsolete, so to speak.
is another insult to milk. Vigorous
shaking breaks up the fat particles so they stay in solution instead of rising
to the top. However, the small
particles are absorbed directly into the blood stream instead of being digested
properly. This renders the milk
is worth mentioning because companies that produce it target children and young
mother’s due to its “convenience” It
is about the worst beverage for children, not to mention adults, and all
children should be made to avoid this monster, if at all possible.
The fact that sodas are
still sold in schools, along with fruit juices, should make parents remove the
children from this environment. However,
this level of awareness is a long way off.
Children must have tremendous amounts of calcium to develop normally, and
these two beverages tend to deplete calcium instead of supplying it.
Here are reasons to avoid
soda and juices for children:
Soda pop and juices supply little if any calcium, even if “enriched”,
usually with a cheap form of supplemental calcium.
Orange juice has some calcium, but even this product is not healthful for
anyone, in our opinion.
Fruit or phosphoric acids. Sodas, in particular,
and orange juice, too, are quite acidic foods.
This means they contain fruit acids or phosphoric acid added to soda pop.
These are hard to digest, no matter what the ‘health authorities’
say. Citrus like grapefruit is
somewhat better because it has so little sugar, the other harmful ingredient in
fruit juices and soda pop.
Sugars to saturation.
Sugar is discussed in other articles.
Simple carbohydrates are a very damaging food for children, unless
combined as in natural milks, especially mother’s milk.
They also upset calcium metabolism more than any other single factor in
many instances. Melvin Page, DDS
and others wrote extensively about this in his book, Degeneration,
Development, FL, 1949,1980. and in other works.
Too much liquid.
This is another problem with drinking water, teas, soy milk in particular and
other diluted beverages. That is,
the nutrient density of these beverages is so low the baby must drink too much
liquid to get any nutrition at all. This
makes for upset stomachs and more problems for the kidneys and many other
organs. It is a subtle problem with
formula and all substitutes for mother’s milk in most cases.
Phosphoric acid and some fruit acids. Phosphoric acid, used
in most soda drinks to provide a “kick”, powerfully binds to calcium in the
intestinal tract, forming calcium phosphates. This prevents the bound calcium from being absorbed properly.
Fruit acids, which include phosphoric, malic and others, can also do the
same thing to a lesser degree, possibly. This
is one reason that people eating a lot of fruit have decayed teeth.
It is not just the surface effects of fruit acids on the dentine of the
teeth. It is also the absorption
and binding of calcium by fruit acids, rendering it less absorbable
This is not to be confused
with the fact that absorption of calcium requires an acid medium in the stomach. This is the truth. However,
the proper acid is hydrochloric acid. This enables calcium, if it is unbound, to be mixed with
amino acids and thereby chelated. This
word means to be bound to a mineral transporter, such as an amino acid or other
molecule. This, in fact, permit
greater calcium absorption. However,
binding calcium with other materials, such as phosphorus, creates insoluble
compounds that are poorly absorbed.
Low in essential fatty acids. One of the great benefits of most mother’s milk is the fatty
acid content. This is absolutely
essential for childhood development of the nervous system.
A cause of autism, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder and many more
developmental delays and learning problems stem from inadequate fatty acids in
the body. It is not easy to obtain
the needed ones from modern food. Also,
children fed exclusively formula are all deficient in fatty acids and other
nutrients, some of which have not been discovered and will not be so for some
years. This applies even when vitamins and other nutrients are added
to the milk formula.
The body needs a wide
range of fatty acids for its development. Fish
oils can supply most of these. Today’s
food is deficient in many of them, however, some of which are known and many are
Thus, a hidden reason for using breast milk is to obtain all the nutrients we
have not discovered as yet. Based
on previous experience, there are plenty of these nutrients for babies, children
and even adults.
Caffeine And Many Chemicals. These are common in almost all beverages except simple herb teas,
which may be given to children in small quantities. Otherwise, however, one is feeding the child a chemical
cocktail. Sugar substitutes are
even worse that sugars in some cases, such as aspartame (Equal or Nutrasweet).
The other non-caloric sweeteners are less harmful, but not too much in
most cases. They upset the delicate
taste detection methods in children, leading to other problems of metabolism,
obesity among them.
This is a serious problem when some tap water is used with powdered or
concentrated formula. People forget that tap water is not a healthful product, with
its added chlorides, fluorides, aluminum (used in most every municipal water
system), copper in some areas, and more.
Most urban water supplies
have some degree of contamination with medical drugs, for example.
Your baby gets a dose of antibiotics, sleeping pills and much, much more
with each bottle it is fed, for
Most people also do not
understand that the body excretes most of the drugs it is fed.
Only a small percentage of the total dose remains for a few hours to have
its intended effect on the body.
Babies are also exposed to radiation poisoning through the water used in
many nations. Other problems with using tap water are parasites, bacteria,
viruses, toxic metals and more. The
point is, avoid using formula if possible, and if necessary, use distilled or
spring water only to dilute powdered formula.
Otherwise, filter or at least boil water to make it a safer product.
remarks on breastfeeding. This should convince
anyone of the value of breastfeeding. If
a woman can manage it, breast feed directly to your child.
If, however, you must be away from the child, the bonding with the child
will not occur as well. However,
breast milk can be pumped out and saved, using a breast pump.
Refrigerate it if and only if it will be used more than an hour or two
after it is pumped. It will have to
be heated a little, or the child will usually vomit.
Also, if the woman is very upset, using a breast pump may also be best.
A baby is very sensitive
to the vibrations of the mother. If
the mother cannot relax, pumping the milk and then handing it the child in a
cradle may actually be better than holding a baby in an agitated state and
believing the child can assimilate the milk properly.
The child must be relaxed, as with adults, to feed properly. Children, however, will often vomit if they are
uncomfortable, whereas adults usually will just develop bloating, gas and other
problems by eating when upset, anxious, in a hurry or not chewing or resting
SOURCES OF CALCIUM
calcium foods include raw milk, raw cheese and raw yogurt or kefir.
The next best may be fresh or even store-bought carrot juice.
Everyone should drink about 10-12 ounces of this daily for its calcium
content. Children need
proportionately less. Another
excellent source is the bones of animals that are boiled, preferably, for a
number of hours to separate the calcium from the bone.
One then drinks the soup stock made of bones.
Other good sources are
sardines, caviar, cod roe, and good quality egg yolks that are not overcooked.
However, I do not suggest eating caviar or other fish eggs on a regular
basis because they contain some toxic metals.
The next best sources are
kelp, yeast and toasted almond butter. Other
seeds such as sesame, sunflower and pumpkin are other decent sources if one eats
enough. We do not recommend many
seeds in the diet, however. Cooked
or better juiced dark green vegetables such as kale, collard greens, mustard
greens, turnip greens, comfrey and carrots are also good sources.
Corn tortillas or corn
chips prepared in the traditional way with lime are other good sources.
However, most corn chips do not contain lime and are not a good source of
calcium. Neither is corn bread or
corn eaten as a vegetable.
Strict vegetarians often develop a calcium deficiency.
Although they eat greens, nuts and seeds, the calcium from these sources
is less available than in eggs and raw dairy products.
Their diets are also low in calcium synergists such as vitamins A and D.
The best calcium
supplements, in my view, are carrot juice, bones such as found in some cans of
sardines and salmon, bone broth and kelp. Some
products made from raw dairy products may be goods sources as well, but this is
variable. These sources, in theory,
combine a very usable form of calcium with other vitamins and minerals needed
for calcium utilization. Those with
a hyperthyroid condition may have trouble with the iodine in kelp, in which case
they should just reduce the amount used daily.
calcium supplements. Many
good forms are sold. However, our
experience is that most of them are not nearly as effective as the food forms of
calcium supplements. I am not sure
why this is so. Among those often
sold are calcium citrate, calcium chelate, calcium lactate and calcium gluconate.
Bone meal used to be popular and is an excellent supplement if it is not
contaminated with lead. Microcrystalline
hydroxyapatite crystals (MCHC) is another excellent form of calcium. Other forms that are less common are calcium orotate and
phosphate, dicalcium phosphate and tricalcium phosphate are not well absorbed as
the phosphorus binds tightly to the calcium.
Calcium carbonate is common chalk. It
is extremely alkaline and found in Tums, other anti-acids and coral calcium.
People who are too acidic may benefit from it.
Unfortunately, stomach acid is important for digestion and reducing it
too much interferes with digestion.
In his book, Barefoot on Coral Calcium. An Elixir of Life?, author Robert
Barefoot mentions that coral calcium contains significant amounts of iron,
aluminum and strontium. Aluminum
and strontium are poisons. Most
people also have toxic levels of iron stored in their livers.
Dr. Barefoot dismisses this problem.
His book is poorly referenced and contains no scientific studies of coral
calcium. I suggest avoiding coral calcium.
Toxic metals can make one
feel good for a while. This is one
reason people smoke cigarettes which supply lead, arsenic and cadmium. Problems develop ten years later or more.
calcium preparations in drug stores also contain lots of sugar.
Some are even sold like candies. These
products will be less effective because sugar upsets calcium metabolism.
Usually the calcium is in the form of calcium carbonate, a poorly
absorbed form. I suggest avoiding
calcium carbonate and sugared calcium supplements.
AND THE FIGHT-OR-FLIGHT RESPONSE
our bodies come under a lot of stress, they move into what is called the fight-or-flight response. When
this happens, the body excretes calcium in the urine.
This causes the muscles and nervous system to go into a state of
heightened alertness to respond to stress.
who live in a fight-or-flight pattern much of the time are continuously losing
calcium in their urine.
phenomenon occurs when a body is in slow oxidation, or the exhaustion stage of
stress. In this common situation, calcium is lost into the tissues. Low tissue sodium and potassium levels prevent calcium
from remaining in an ionized or soluble form in the blood.
Instead, it precipitates and deposits in many body tissues including the
joints, arteries, kidneys and elsewhere. This
is a cardinal sign of aging.
The process is identical
to calcium deposition on faucets in hard water areas.
‘Hard’ water does not contain enough sodium to ‘soften’ the
calcium. Adding salt or potassium
with a water softener prevents calcium deposition.
The same approach can dissolve calcium deposits in the body.
Eating salt and potassium are not adequate.
One must restore adrenal glandular activity which is responsible for
normal retention of sodium and potassium.
helps keep calcium in solution. Sources
are nuts, seeds, kelp, molasses and yeast.
Silica is another calcium
synergist. It may be transmuted
into calcium according to Dr. Louis Kervan, author of Biological Transmutations. Chlorine,
hydrochloric acid in the stomach and adequate protein in the
diet are also required for calcium utilization.
This is another potent calcium synergist, although in high quantity it
can become an antagonist by dissolving calcium from the bones and elsewhere.
See the section in this article and separate articles on fast oxidation
for more on this topic. Potassium
is absolutely critical for calcium metabolism in many enzymes.
In fact, a recent study found that potassium is required for bone
strength or density. (Jehle, S., et al., Partial neutralization of the
acidogenic Western diet with potassium citrate increases bone mass in women with
osteopenia, J Am SocNephrol.
is required to fix calcium in the bones and helps raise the tissue calcium
level. Many people have
biologically unavailable copper which causes their calcium problems.
In fast oxidizers, copper deficiency contributes to a calcium deficiency.
is required for thyroid activity. Low
thyroid activity is associated with biounavailable calcium and calcium
deposition in the soft tissues. The best sources of iodine are fish and sea
vegetables like kelp or dulse. Iodized
salt is not as good a source. Boron
apparently improves adrenal gland activity, which makes copper more available. Boron is found in nuts, beans, leafy greens and bone
A and D
are important for calcium utilization and are commonly deficient. Vitamin D is
only found in enriched milk, fish oils and from sun exposure. Vitamin A is only found in fish oils and meats.
Beta carotene must be converted to vitamin A.
Low thyroid activity impairs the conversion.
I always recommend vitamin A, not beta carotene.
adrenal hormones levels are also
essential for proper calcium metabolism. Hormone
replacement therapy, however, is not the best or only way to improve hormone
production. Usually, a nutritional
balancing program will easily improve natural hormone production.
Infrared light is also
extremely beneficial for calcium metabolism.
Sugar upsets the calcium/phosphorus ratio in the blood more than any
other single factor, according to researcher Dr. Melvin Page.
It also stresses the adrenal glands and upsets the hormone balance which
affects calcium metabolism.
and cadmium antagonize and replace
calcium in the bones and elsewhere. Hidden
lead toxicity, for example, is an important cause of weak bones and
osteoporosis. Tests for toxic
metals may not reveal it when it is deeply embedded within the bones.
A hair analysis may reveal it later as it comes out of the body through
the hair and other routes.
fluoride replaces calcium in the bones, causing them to become brittle and
weak. Sources are fluoridated tap water, some mineral waters, foods
contaminated with fluorides from the soil and foods processed with fluoridated
water like reconstituted fruit juices and soda pop. Some foods are naturally high in fluorides like tea.
Drinking fluoridated water or consuming products processed with
fluoridated water is a cause of osteoporosis.
phosphorus binds calcium and impairs its absorption from the
intestines. Sources are soda pop
and diets very high in animal protein. Phytates
found in high grain diets, soy and other beans bind calcium preventing its
oxalic acid found in spinach, cranberries, rhubarb and tea can interfere
with calcium utilization, but only if eaten in large quantities.
Low stomach acid and low protein
diets impair calcium utilization.
FOR CALCIUM IMBALANCE
Calcium tests in the blood are often of little value.
The body robs the bones to keep the blood level in a narrow range. A bone density test is therefore the best, but it too has
flaws discussed below. Also, in a
healthy person, excess calcium is quickly moved from the blood into the tissues.
Urine tests are a little
better, offering a way to measure how much calcium one is excreting.
However, they are subject to daily variations due to stress, hormonal
factors and others.
X-rays are helpful to
assess bone density. However,
osteoporotic changes are a very late indicator of calcium imbalance.
Also, osteoporosis can be due to other imbalances besides calcium.
The bones require boron, magnesium, manganese, zinc, copper, phosphorus
and other nutrients in addition to calcium.
Low bone density does not necessarily indicate a greater need for
calcium. A normal bone density test does not necessarily mean one’s
intake is sufficient.
mineral analysis. Hair must not be
washed at the laboratory for accurate hair calcium readings.
I recommend Analytical Research Labs for this reason.
Trace Elements, Inc. does not wash the hair, but they are not as careful,
their graph is difficult to read, their products are not as good, and their
corrective programs are terrible.
The level of calcium in
the hair tissue can vary from about 7 or 8 mg% to over 1000 mg%.
If the hair analysis is
interpreted properly, which is discussed in detail on this website and in the
Balancing And Hair Mineral Analysis, (2010 and 2014 editions), hair
mineral testing is very helpful to evaluate many aspects of calcium metabolism
in the body. Among these are the
degree of biounavailable calcium, deficiency states, calcium loss into the
tissues and others.
of hair tests. Essentially, the tissues such as the hair become depleted long
before blood tests or x-rays reveal a deficiency. However, one must understand that as calcium is depleted the
reading in the hair may actually increase due to loss of calcium into the
tissues. In the state called fast
oxidation or an alarm stage of stress, generally
the hair tissue calcium will be low, or at least low relative to sodium and
potassium. This is due to excessive
thyroid activity which lowers tissue calcium.
In the state called slow
oxidation, often the hair calcium level will be very high due to calcium
precipitation into the soft tissues of the body.
In this case, calcium becomes biounavailable.
That is, an excess occurs in the tissues but it is not available to the
body. It becomes essentially a
toxic mineral, causing calcium deposits in the joints, arteries, kidneys, brain
and elsewhere. Much more on calcium
interpretation is in other articles on this website.
UNDERSTANDING OF CALCIUM
This section is more advanced. Calcium
may be considered the life element.
It is required for all life on earth for complex reasons.
Its importance cannot be overemphasized for this reason.
Calcium is a compressive
or pressure mineral.
It exerts a kind of pressure that allows life to flourish on earth.
Without it, life cannot exist. As
one’s calcium stores are used up, life ebbs out of the body.
As one replaces the body’s calcium properly, life energy returns. In
this regard, calcium functions as a kind of valve
or receiver of etheric energy that
fuels the human, animal and even the plant frame or organism.
Calcium may be said
to represent structure, meaning
living structure, not just the bones and teeth.
Calcium may also be said to represent voltage
in an electrical analogy, which is more than an analogy.
In fact, calcium actually
regulates the voltage at which nerve cells fire.
Too much biounavailable calcium and too little available calcium will
stabilize cell membranes too much and prevent the proper firing of the nerve
cells. This is one of the problems
in slow oxidizers, in particular. This
causes mental and physical depression, among many other symptoms.
It also impairs the passage of nutrients and waste products through the
cell membranes, which is deadly if it continues for any length of time.
In contrast, too much
available calcium, which occurs, at times, in some very fast oxidizers, causes
excessive cell membrane permeability. This
can cause problems such as too much thyroid hormone passing into the cells too
quickly. This leads to a condition
in which the serum thyroid hormones are low, yet a person really does not need
more thyroid hormones. He or she
really needs a lower degree of cell permeability.
When doctors give thyroid hormone replacements in these cases, they can
cause severe illness or even death by further unbalancing the body and causing
an even faster oxidation rate. In
this regard, the balance of calcium, and its bioavailability, is really a key to
health in all living things.
are some important principles I use when addressing all calcium imbalances:
Never attempt to correct a calcium imbalance in isolation. This
means that one must correct all the macrominerals or electrolytes, not just
calcium. The reason is they are all
closely tied together. Dr. Paul Eck
realized this, but most doctors, even holistic doctors and naturopaths, do not
understand how all the electrolytes are closely related.
Always begin by balancing the oxidation rate on a properly performed hair
This works because it balances the calcium and the other electrolytes at
a deep cellular level. Any other
type of balancing using blood tests, urine tests or others, so far, I have found
to be far less safe, reliable or accurate.
Some people use machines, kinesiological testing or other methods.
None appear to be half as good as a properly performed and correctly
interpreted hair mineral test when it comes to balancing and replacing calcium
in the body.
The only valid method of interpreting a hair mineral analysis that I have come
across is that devised by Dr. Paul C. Eck, founder of Analytical Research
Laboratories in Phoenix, Arizona. I
say this because many doctors have written books about hair analysis and how to
use it. I have experimented with
other methods of doing the test, such as washing the hair at the lab, and this
does not work well at all. Only the
method of Dr. Paul Eck, and none other, seems to offer the best results.
An important aspect of Dr. Eck’s method is periodic retesting of the hair and
adjustment of the nutritional balancing program every 3 to 6 months or so.
This is absolutely essential to
complete the balancing of calcium in the body.
This is because as time goes on, the biochemical balance in the body will
shift. At times, these shifts are
dramatic, while at other times they are less extreme.
However, one must retest the hair and make a ‘mid-course correction’
every few months or the balancing and correction process will often stop.
Patients need to understand this thoroughly, as many do not bother with
retests and then wonder why their program does not work well.
In addition to Dr. Eck’s brilliant work, I have found that the diet, the
lifestyle, the drinking water (both quantity and quality), and certain
detoxification procedures such as near infrared sauna therapy and coffee enemas
can greatly enhance all nutritional balancing programs. In
some cases, these are absolutely essential or progress will be minimal.
Here are a few other points about calcium that I have observed in the
American population, and in others, to a lesser degree.
Everyone needs more calcium today. This
is apparently due to the pasteurization of milk, and the consumption of refined
grains, refined sugar, and other nutritionally deficient foods by almost
everyone. In addition, impaired
digestion, intestinal infections and imbalances, and stress all tend to reduce
calcium absorption, digestion and utilization today.
On nutritional balancing programs, everyone receives at least 750 mg of
supplemental calcium chelate or citrate, along with about 450 mg of supplemental
magnesium chelate or citrate. If
a hair analysis indicates a severe imbalance such as a four lows pattern or
perhaps others, the amounts need to be greater.
nutrients are always needed, as well, to help with calcium absorption and
utilization. These include a
digestive aid, zinc, vitamin D3 5000 iu daily for adults, and perhaps copper and
other nutrients depending upon the hair mineral test results.